Original Research

Environmental influences, employee resourcing strategies and small and medium-sized enterprises performance: Case of South African small restaurants

Honest Mupani, Crispen Chipunza
SA Journal of Human Resource Management | Vol 17 | a1104 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v17i0.1104 | © 2019 Honest Mupani, Honest Mupani, Crispen Chipunza | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 24 July 2018 | Published: 30 September 2019

About the author(s)

Honest Mupani, Department of Human Resource Management, Julius Nyerere School of Social Sciences, Great Zimbabwe University, Masvingo, Zimbabwe
Crispen Chipunza, Faculty of Management Sciences, Central University of Technology, Free State, South Africa

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Orientation: Small businesses’ contribution to economic growth and employment creation cannot be disputed in South Africa, amid operating in an environment that is highly competitive and reports of small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) high failure rates, in general. In view of this, and to our knowledge, no known theoretical study has been conducted in South Africa examining how certain environmental factors might influence the use of appropriate resourcing strategies for improved small businesses’ performance.

Research purpose: This theoretical article investigates the relationships between environmental influences, employee resourcing strategies and business performance among South African small restaurants.

Motivation for the study: There is a paucity of literature that has explored whether a relationship exists between the three variables among small restaurant businesses in South Africa, justifying the need for such an investigation.

Research approach/design and method: This article, which is conceptual in nature, adopted a systematic literature review which entails combining all existing research literature related to the three variables so as to arrive at logical inferences.

Main findings: The research contends that a relationship exists between the three variables.

Practical/managerial implications: Small businesses need to be aware of the environmental influences that may contribute to business failure so that they attune employee resourcing strategies to the environment to achieve high performance.

Contribution/value add: The article contributes to extant literature on the interplay between environmental factors, resourcing strategies and firm performance in small restaurant businesses of emerging economies.


employee resourcing; sustained competitive advantage; firm performance; external environment; internal environment; resource based view; restaurants


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