Original Research

Shift–share Analysis of manufacturing as a measuring instrument for Human Resource Management

Ewert Philippus Kleynhans
SA Journal of Human Resource Management | Vol 6, No 3 | a158 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v6i3.158 | © 2009 Ewert Philippus Kleynhans | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 04 August 2008 | Published: 30 March 2009

About the author(s)

Ewert Philippus Kleynhans, School of Economics, Risk Management and International Tradel; North-West University, South Africa

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Shift-share analysis of employment as a measuring instrument for human resource management is proposed by this study. The results obtained through this technique can assist human resource
management on the macro-level in making informed and strategic decisions regarding future employment practices and trends. This technique is often applied to studies of economic geography,
and is illustrated in this article through its application to the estimation of future employment potential of manufacturing industries of South Africa’s Southern District Municipality. The economy in this region is mainly dependent on gold mining, which is declining as gold reserves are becoming depleted. As a result, a large section of the area’s population will be unemployed in future, causing adversity and other development needs. Shift-share analysis provides insight into the shifts of employment in the various sectors over time, as well as insight into the national share effect on employment in the region, including the regional-industrial mix and the competitive share effects. It was found that the
sectors with the highest employment creation potential are: transport equipment, wood and paper products, metal products, and furniture. Some suggestions are also made regarding the ways that this information can be utilised in human resource management.


Manufacturin; employment; job creation; competitiveness; economic geography; shift-share analysis; industrial development


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SA Journal of Human Resource Management  vol: 19  year: 2021  
doi: 10.4102/sajhrm.v19i0.1416