Original Research

Uttar Pradesh academics’ occupational stress, organisational work environment and work-life balance: A quantitative study

Jyoti Bhadana, Neelam Saxena, Archana Bhatia
SA Journal of Human Resource Management | Vol 20 | a1639 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v20i0.1639 | © 2022 Jyoti Bhadana, Neelam Saxena, Archana Bhatia | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 15 April 2021 | Published: 03 June 2022

About the author(s)

Jyoti Bhadana, Amity College of Commerce and Finance, Amity University, Noida, Uttar Pradesh (AUUP), India
Neelam Saxena, Amity Centre for Entrepreneurship Development, Amity University, Noida, Uttar Pradesh (AUUP), India
Archana Bhatia, Department of Commerce, D.A.V Centenary College, Faridabad, Haryana, India


Orientation: In today’s fast-paced workplace, the notion of work-life balance is becoming increasingly relevant. Work-life balance has emerged as a critical area of human resource management, attracting the attention of government, researchers, and professionals in search of innovative ways to boost employee morale, retain employees, and provide employers with tools to help them achieve a better work-life balance. Employees’ emotional and physical health’s are both affected by an unhealthy work environment. Stress was viewed as a sign of weakness in many businesses.

Research purpose: This study investigates the mediating effect of occupational stress on the relationship between work-life balance (WLB) and organisational work environment among academics, as well as the moderating effect of demographic variables such as gender, job levels, and marital status of this relationship.

Research approach/design and method: Using a survey method, primary data was collected from academics working in India. A structured questionnaire was drafted and introduced as a method for data collection. Respondents were chosen using a judgemental sampling method. To test the hypothesis, the mediating effect and moderating effect were used, and the statistical regression analysis was done with the help of Professor Andrew’s process macro and partial least squares smart (PLS).

Main findings: The organisational work environment had a significant impact on the WLB of academics employed at higher education institutes in India. When comparing male and female academics, the effect of the organisational work environment on occupational stress was found to be higher for female academics. For academics at various job levels, the impact of the organisational work environment on occupational stress was found to be significant. Marital status had no significant moderating association effect on academics between WLB, occupational stress, and organisational work environment.

Implications: Institutions are encouraged to provide family-friendly policies and create a good work environment for academics that helps decrease the stress level, improve the WLB and increase the efficiency and effectiveness of academics.

Contribution: An investigation into relationships between work-life balance, occupational stress and working environment holds a number of implications in the management of educational set-up. This research might be very useful to school administrators in terms of improving work-life balance and reducing occupational stress among academics, in order to create a work environment that everyone is glad to be a part of. As a result, academic institutions’ organisational efficiency and effectiveness will improve.


occupational stress; work-life balance; organisational work environment; academics; India


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