Original Research

Perceptions of justice and extra-role behaviours of survivors after organisational restructuring at a consolidated bank in Nigeria

Queen Omoruyi, Crispen Chipunza, Michael O. Samuel
SA Journal of Human Resource Management | Vol 9, No 1 | a344 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v9i1.344 | © 2011 Queen Omoruyi, Crispen Chipunza, Michael O. Samuel | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 07 December 2010 | Published: 22 July 2011

About the author(s)

Queen Omoruyi, Public Further Education and Training College, King Williams Town, South Africa
Crispen Chipunza, Department of Human Resource Management, Central University of Technology, Bloemfontein, South Africa
Michael O. Samuel, Department of Industrial Psychology, University of Fort Hare, South Africa


Orientation: Perception of justice amongst survivors of organisational downsizing is crucial for extra-role engagements. Researchers have recorded extra-role behaviours because they are important for organisational efficiency and success.

Research purpose: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between employees’ perceptions of justice and their organisational citizenship behaviour (OCB) after organisations downsize.

Motivation for the study: Many organisations that are downsizing do not seriously consider the unintended consequences of downsizing on the behaviour of survivors. This study intends to draw the attention of organisations that are downsizing to this oversight.

Research design, approach and method: The researchers used a quantitative research design and survey method for the study. They distributed a self-administered questionnaire to 130 employees from a population of 180 survivors at the head office of a commercial bank that recently downsized in Lagos, Nigeria.

Main findings: The research results showed that there was no fairness in the downsizing exercise. This resulted in low morale amongst survivors and unwillingness to engage in extra- role behaviours.

Practical/managerial implications: It is important for organisations that are downsizing to use a participative approach in order to achieve organisational efficiency and improve productivity after restructuring.

Contribution/value-added: The results of the study will give the managers of organisations, which are planning to downsize, a useful insight into how to plan the exercise, how to implement the plans, and how to manage the employees they will retrench and those they will retain after concluding the downsizing exercise.


distributive justice; lay-offs; organisational citizenship behaviour; organisational efficiency; procedural justice


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