Original Research

Anticedents to entrepreneurial intentions: Testing for measurement invariance for cultural values, attitudes and self-efficacy beliefs across ethnic groups

Boris Urban, Jurie J. Van Vuuren, Rina H. Owen
SA Journal of Human Resource Management | Vol 6, No 1 | a132 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v6i1.132 | © 2008 Boris Urban, Jurie J. Van Vuuren, Rina H. Owen | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 02 June 2008 | Published: 24 October 2008

About the author(s)

Boris Urban, University of Johannesburg, South Africa
Jurie J. Van Vuuren, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Rina H. Owen, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Full Text:

PDF (524KB)

Share this article

Bookmark and Share


Building on previous research on antecedents of entrepreneurial intentions, various measures were tested across different ethnic groups in South Africa. Factorial homogeneity is an important attribute for any scale intended for use in multicultural research, and since tests of equivalency are not routinely applied, this article hypothesised measurement invariance across ethnic groups. Theoretical discussions on Hofstede’s (2001) value survey module (VSM 94), attitudes towards and beliefs about entrepreneurial intentions, general self-efficacy (GSE), and entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE) preceded the use of statistical analysis. Confirmatory factor analysis based on 210 respondents indicated that equivalence for the underlying factors across the different ethnic groups could not be established, and that the three groups demonstrated different underlying structures. In conclusion, stereotypic declarations of an integrated South African culture were not supported by this research in terms of entrepreneurial intentions and their antecedents.


Entrepreneurial intentions; self-efficacy; culture; attitudes


Total abstract views: 3589
Total article views: 7607


Crossref Citations

1. Entrepreneurial Intentions: A Cultural Perspective
Ian K. Alexander, Benson Honig
Africa Journal of Management  vol: 2  issue: 3  first page: 235  year: 2016  
doi: 10.1080/23322373.2016.1206801