Submission Guidelines

 

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Abridged structure
  • Original Research Article (ORA)
  • Opinion Paper
  • Cover Letter
Full structure
  • ORA: Qualitative Research
  • ORA: Quantitative research
  • ORA: Theoretical research

Overview

The author guidelines include information about the types of articles received for publication and preparing a manuscript for submission. Other relevant information about the journal's policies and the reviewing process can be found under the about section. The compulsory cover letter form part of a submission and is on the first page of the manuscript. It should always be presented in English. See full structure of cover letter below. After the cover letter the manuscript body starts.

 

 

Original Research Article (ORA)


An original article provides an overview of innovative research in a particular field within or related to the focus and scope of the journal, presented according to a clear and well-structured format. Three structures of original research are provided below: Qualitative, Quantitative and Theoretical.

 

Word limit

4500-7000 words (excluding the structured abstract and references)

Structured abstract

250 words to include a Orientation, Research purpose, Motivation for the study, Research approach/design and method, Main findings,Practical/managerial implications and Contribution/value-add

References

60 or less

Tables/Figures

no more than 7 Tables/Figure

Ethical statement

should be included in the manuscript

 

Opinion Paper


Topical issues that need special reflection and debate. The relevance or urgency of an issue may trigger the need for such a paper. The purpose of such papers therefore is to stimulate debates on such topics and to inform in order to guide the establishment of best practices and the development of a ‘final’ stance on such a topic. The latter may then require, (if necessary), a further position paper on this topic.

 

Word limit

2000 words (excluding the structured abstract and references)

Abstract

n/a

References

15 or less

Tables/Figures

no more than 2 Tables/Figure

Ethical statement

should be included in the manuscript

 

Cover Letter


The format of the compulsory cover letter forms part of your submission. It is located on the first page of your manuscript and should always be presented in English. You should provide the following elements:

  1. Full title: Specific, descriptive, concise, and comprehensible to readers outside the field, max 95 characters (including spaces).
  2. Tweet for the journal Twitter profile: This will be used on the journal Twitter profile to promote your published article. Max 101 characters (including spaces). If you have a Twitter profile, please provide us your Twitter @ name. We will tag you to the Tweet
  3. Full author details: The title(s), full name(s), position(s), affiliation(s) and contact details (postal address, email, telephone, highest academic degree, Open Researcher and Contributor Identification (ORCID) and cell phone number) of each author.
  4. Corresponding author: Identify to whom all correspondence should be addressed.
  5. Authors’ contributions: Briefly summarise the nature of the contribution made by each of the authors listed.
  6. Disclaimer: A statement that the views expressed in the submitted article are his or her own and not an official position of the institution or funder.
  7. Source(s) of support: These include grants, equipment, drugs, and/or other support that facilitated conduct of the work described in the article or the writing of the article itself.
  8. Summary: Lastly, a list containing the number of words, pages, tables, figures and/or other supplementary material should accompany the submission.

Anyone that has made a significant contribution to the research and the paper must be listed as an author in your cover letter. Contributions that fall short of meeting the criteria as stipulated in our policy should rather be mentioned in the ‘Acknowledgements’ section of the manuscript. Read our authorship guidelines and author contribution statement policies.

 

 

ORA: Qualitative Research full structure


Title: The article’s full title should contain a maximum of 95 characters (including spaces).


Abstract:The abstract, written in English, should be no longer than 250 words and must be written in the past tense. The abstract should give a succinct account of the objectives, methods, results and significance of the matter. The structured abstract for a Qualitative Research article should consist of seven paragraphs labelled Orientation, Research purpose, Motivation for the study, Research approach/design and method, Main findings, Practical/managerial implications and Contribution/value-add.


Introduction: Provide the following, each under their own heading.

  • Orientation
  • Research purpose and objectives
  • Literature review

Research design: Provide the following, each under their own heading and subheading.

  • Research approach
  • Research strategy
  • Research method
    • Research setting
    • Entrée and establishing researcher roles
    • Research participants and sampling methods
    • Data collection methods
    • Data recording
    • Strategies employed to ensure data quality and integrity
    • Data analysis
    • Reporting style

Results: The reporting of the results must be clearly linked to the research objectives and research hypotheses. Tables may be used or models (diagrams/figures) may be drafted to indicate key components of the results of the study.


Discussion: Provide the following, each under their own heading.

  • Outline of the results
  • Practical implications
  • Limitations and recommendations

Conclusion: Provide a brief conclusion that summarises the results and their meaning or significance in relation to each objective of the study.


Acknowledgements: Those who contributed to the work but do not meet our authorship criteria should be listed in the Acknowledgments with a description of the contribution. Authors are responsible for ensuring that anyone named in the Acknowledgments agrees to be named. Also provide the following, each under their own heading:

  • Competing interests: This section should list specific competing interests associated with any of the authors. If authors declare that no competing interests exist, the article will include a statement to this effect: The authors declare that they have no financial or personal relationship(s) that may have inappropriately influenced them in writing this article. Read our policy on competing interests.
  • Author contributions:  All authors must meet the criteria for authorship as outlined in the authorship policy and author contribution statement policies.
  • Funding: Provide information on funding if relevant
  • Disclaimer: A statement that the views expressed in the submitted article are his or her own and not an official position of the institution or funder.

References: Authors should provide direct references to original research sources whenever possible. References should not be used by authors, editors, or peer reviewers to promote self-interests. Refer to the journal referencing style downloadable on our Formatting Requirements page.

 

 

ORA: Quantitative research full structure


Title: The article’s full title should contain a maximum of 95 characters (including spaces).


Abstract:The abstract, written in English, should be no longer than 250 words and must be written in the past tense. The abstract should give a succinct account of the objectives, methods, results and significance of the matter. The structured abstract for a Quantitative Research article should consist of seven paragraphs labelled Orientation, Research purpose, Motivation for the study, Research approach/design and method, Main findings, Practical/managerial implications and Contribution/value-add.


Introduction: Provide the following, each under their own heading.

  • Orientation
  • Research purpose and objectives

Literature review: Provide a summary of previous research findings, indicating the gap in the literature and the necessity to address this void.


Research design: Provide the following, each under their own heading and subheading.

  • Research approach
  • Research method
    • Research participants
    • Measuring instruments
    • Research procedure and ethical considerations
    • Statistical analysis

Results: The reporting of the results must be clearly linked to the research objectives and research hypotheses. Tables may be used or models (diagrams/figures) may be drafted to indicate key components of the results of the study.


Discussion: Provide the following, each under their own heading.

  • Outline of the results
  • Practical implications
  • Limitations and recommendations

Conclusion: Provide a brief conclusion that summarises the results and their meaning or significance in relation to each objective of the study.


Acknowledgements: Those who contributed to the work but do not meet our authorship criteria should be listed in the Acknowledgments with a description of the contribution. Authors are responsible for ensuring that anyone named in the Acknowledgments agrees to be named. Also provide the following, each under their own heading:

  • Competing interests: This section should list specific competing interests associated with any of the authors. If authors declare that no competing interests exist, the article will include a statement to this effect: The authors declare that they have no financial or personal relationship(s) that may have inappropriately influenced them in writing this article. Read our policy on competing interests.
  • Author contributions:  All authors must meet the criteria for authorship as outlined in the authorship policy and author contribution statement policies.
  • Funding: Provide information on funding if relevant
  • Disclaimer: A statement that the views expressed in the submitted article are his or her own and not an official position of the institution or funder.

References: Authors should provide direct references to original research sources whenever possible. References should not be used by authors, editors, or peer reviewers to promote self-interests. Refer to the journal referencing style downloadable on our Formatting Requirements page.

 

 

ORA: Theoretical research full structure


Title: The article’s full title should contain a maximum of 95 characters (including spaces).


Abstract:The abstract, written in English, should be no longer than 250 words and must be written in the past tense. The abstract should give a succinct account of the objectives, methods, results and significance of the matter. The structured abstract for a Theoretical Research article should consist of seven paragraphs labelled Orientation, Research purpose, Motivation for the study, Research approach/design and method, Main findings, Practical/managerial implications and Contribution/value-add.


Introduction: Provide the following, each under their own heading.

  • Purpose of the study
  • Current theoretical perspective
  • Problem statement and research objectives (including preliminary literature review)
  • Rationale or value-add of the study

Research design: Provide the following, each under their own heading and subheading.

  • Research approach
  • Research method
    • Targeted body of literature
    • Gathering the data
    • Analysis of the data
    • Presentation of the data

Results: The reporting of the results must be clearly linked to the research objectives and research hypotheses. Tables may be used or models (diagrams/figures) may be drafted to indicate key components of the results of the study.


Ethical considerations

Articles based on the involvement of animals must have been conducted in accordance with relevant national and international guidelines. Approval must have been obtained for all protocols from the author's institutional or other relevant ethics committee and the institution name and permit numbers provided at submission.


Trustworthiness: Provide the following, each under their own heading.

  • Reliability
  • Validity

Discussion: Provide the following, each under their own heading.

  • Outline of the results
  • Practical implications
  • Limitations and recommendations

Conclusion: Provide a brief conclusion that summarises the results and their meaning or significance in relation to each objective of the study.


Acknowledgements: Those who contributed to the work but do not meet our authorship criteria should be listed in the Acknowledgments with a description of the contribution. Authors are responsible for ensuring that anyone named in the Acknowledgments agrees to be named. Also provide the following, each under their own heading:

  • Competing interests: This section should list specific competing interests associated with any of the authors. If authors declare that no competing interests exist, the article will include a statement to this effect: The authors declare that they have no financial or personal relationship(s) that may have inappropriately influenced them in writing this article. Read our policy on competing interests.
  • Author contributions:  All authors must meet the criteria for authorship as outlined in the authorship policy and author contribution statement policies.
  • Funding: Provide information on funding if relevant
  • Disclaimer: A statement that the views expressed in the submitted article are his or her own and not an official position of the institution or funder.

References: Authors should provide direct references to original research sources whenever possible. References should not be used by authors, editors, or peer reviewers to promote self-interests. Refer to the journal referencing style downloadable on our Formatting Requirements page.

 

 

Formatting requirements

Checklist

Please review the checklist below to prepare your manuscript. This will help to make sure your submission is complete and gets handled as quickly as possible.

  • CHECK 1: Make sure your manuscript is the right fit for the journal by reviewing the journal information .
  • CHECK 2: Read the publication fees.
  • CHECK 3: Review if the journal publishes the type of article that you wish to submit. Read the types of articles published.
  • CHECK 4: You must be comfortable with publishing in an open access journal. Read our copyrights and licensing policy.
  • CHECK 5: The entire manuscript must be neatly prepared, spell-checked, and adhere to the formatting requirements stipulated in our submission guidelines.
  • CHECK 6: Prepare the cover letter and licensing forms as required on the submissions guidelines.
  • CHECK 7: Read our publication policies, privacy policy and terms of use.
  • CHECK 8: We recommend authors to have ORCID iDs, which can only be assigned by the ORCID Registry. ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) is a nonproprietary alphanumeric code to uniquely identify scientific and other academic authors and contributors. You must conform to their standards for expressing ORCID iDs, and will have the opportunity to include the full URL (e.g. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1825-0097) during the submission process, that will link to your name when the manuscript is published.

Licencing forms