Original Research

A confirmatory factor analytic study of a self-leadership measure in South Africa

Bright Mahembe, Amos S. Engelbrecht, Francois S. De Kock
SA Journal of Human Resource Management | Vol 11, No 1 | a520 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v11i1.520 | © 2013 Bright Mahembe, Amos S. Engelbrecht, Francois S. De Kock | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 14 January 2013 | Published: 16 July 2013

About the author(s)

Bright Mahembe, Department of Industrial Psychology, Stellenbosch University, South Africa
Amos S. Engelbrecht, Department of Industrial Psychology, Stellenbosch University, South Africa
Francois S. De Kock, Department of Industrial Psychology, Stellenbosch University, South Africa and Section of Organisational Psychology, School of Management Studies, University of Cape Town, South Africa

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Orientation: Self-leadership is considered to be essential for effective individual functioning in occupational and academic contexts. The revised self-leadership questionnaire (RSLQ) is widely utilised for measuring self-leadership, but its psychometric properties have not been established on a South African sample. By implication, important questions also exist about the theoretical structure of self-leadership in the South African context.

Research purpose: The research aim of this study was to investigate the reliability and factorial validity of the revised self-leadership questionnaire on a South African sample. In doing so, the results of the research would also provide valuable insights into the latent factor structure of the self-leadership construct.

Motivation for the study: On a practical level, the research sought internal validity evidence for the use of the RSLQ in the South African context. On a theoretical level, questions remain about the best conceptual representation of self-leadership as a construct.

Research design, approach and method: The revised self-leadership questionnaire was administered to a non-probability sample of 375 South African young adults. The first and second-order factor structure underlying contemporary models of self-leadership using confirmatory factor analytic techniques was tested.

Main findings: Results showed that the RSLQ measured self-leadership with suitable reliability and internal validity. All eight subscales had high internal consistency coefficients. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of the first and second-order models conclusively demonstrated good factorial validity.

Practical/managerial implications: The study found that the RSLQ has good measurement properties for a South African context. Academics, practitioners and managers are urged to use the measure in its present form for applications such as leadership development and promoting self-management.

Contribution/value-addition: The study extends the body of psychometric evidence supporting the use of the revised self-leadership questionnaire in the South African milieu. The researchers have further indicated that self-leadership can be represented by a hierarchical latent factor structure, where a general factor drives more specific dimensions of self-leadership.


self-leadership; psychometric properties; self-influence; factorial validity; reliability


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Crossref Citations

1. A study to assess the reliability and construct validity of the Abbreviated Self-leadership Questionnaire: a South African study
Bright Mahembe, Amos Engelbrecht, Zani Wakelin
South African Journal of Psychology  vol: 47  issue: 3  first page: 356  year: 2017  
doi: 10.1177/0081246316675139