Original Research

Should HIV and AIDS workplace programmes still be advocated in the automotive industry?

Liana Steenkamp, Jill von der Marwitz, Friederike Baasner-Weihs, Jacques Pietersen
SA Journal of Human Resource Management | Vol 13, No 1 | a609 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v13i1.609 | © 2015 Liana Steenkamp, Jill von der Marwitz, Friederike Baasner-Weihs, Jacques Pietersen | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 25 November 2013 | Published: 26 March 2015

About the author(s)

Liana Steenkamp, HIV/AIDS Research Unit, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa
Jill von der Marwitz, HIV/AIDS Research Unit, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa
Friederike Baasner-Weihs, HIV/AIDS Research Unit, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa; Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Multisectoral HIV Prevention Programme, Automotive Industry Development Centre Eastern Cape, South Africa
Jacques Pietersen, Unit of Statistical Consultation, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa

Abstract

Orientation: In light of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic, and in order to improve competitiveness in the South African private sector, many structures have implemented subsidised workplace programmes.

Research purpose: The aim of this study was to collect baseline data regarding the knowledge, attitudes, practices and belief (KAPB) of employees in the automotive industry in relation to HIV and AIDS, in order to assess the need for HIV and AIDS workplace programmes.

Motivation for the study: Given the abundance of HIV and AIDS information, the question is whether these workplace programmes’ efforts are still relevant.

Research design, approach and method: A quantitative descriptive study design was used using a self-administered questionnaire covering questions about KAPB with regard to HIV and AIDS. The data collection took place in seven automotive supplier companies in South Africa (n = 733) who were going to implement HIV and AIDS workplace programmes with the support of the Automotive Industry Development Centre in the Eastern Cape.

Main findings: High-risk behaviour, as indicated by sexual relations with more than one partner in the last 12 months, occurred in between 12% (management) and 42% (cleaners) of employees. All risk behaviour indicators showed significant differences (p < 0.05) between management and administrative staff on the one hand and technicians, operators and cleaners on the other. Despite being aware of an HIV policy, more than 50% of employees indicated that they would not be willing to disclose their status.

Practical/managerial implications: As HIV and AIDS risk behaviour and stigma remain a problem, HIV infection with associated health problems may threaten productivity in the automotive industry if no measures are taken to address the impact on employees and the company.

Contribution: This study strongly supports the conclusion that KAPB studies can still provide important information to tailor HIV workplace programmes according to employee needs.


Keywords

Behaviour; skills level; workplace policies; employee wellness; Theory of reasoned action

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Crossref Citations

1. Employees’ experiences of the stigma of HIV in a retail organisation: secrecy, privacy or trust?
Kgope P Moalusi
African Journal of AIDS Research  vol: 17  issue: 4  first page: 313  year: 2018  
doi: 10.2989/16085906.2018.1536671