Original Research

The relationship between work locus of control and psychological capital amongst middle managers in the recruitment industry of South Africa

Zurayda Shaik, Johanna H. Buitendach
SA Journal of Human Resource Management | Vol 13, No 1 | a615 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v13i1.615 | © 2015 Zurayda Shaik, Johanna H. Buitendach | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 December 2013 | Published: 15 December 2015

About the author(s)

Zurayda Shaik, School of Applied Human Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Howard College Campus, South Africa
Johanna H. Buitendach, School of Applied Human Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Howard College Campus, South Africa


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Abstract

Orientation: The role of traits as a determinant of states has resulted in researchers closely examining their potential for enhancing work behaviour. This is achieved through the examination of the trait and state perspectives.

Research purpose: This research sought to determine the relationship between work locus of control (WLOC) and psychological capital (PsyCap), with the objective of increasing alertness on the trait and state approach.

Motivation for the study: The current study investigated the role of traits and states in contributing to the positive psychology arena within the recruitment industry.

Research approach, design and method: This longitudinal research design involved 425 middle managers at Time 1 (T1), at both supervisory and specialist levels, and 190 middle managers at supervisory levels at Time 2 (T2). This longitudinal study used a biographical, WLOC and PsyCap questionnaires.

Main findings: The findings indicated that WLOC has predictive value for PsyCap: a statistically significant and practical relationship was established between WLOC and PsyCap at T1 and T2. However, the multiple regression analysis results were not consistently demonstrated over time.

Practical managerial implications: Understanding the role of personality traits and psychological states can provide managers with additional means of increasing employee efficiency through improving work processes such as recruitment and selection.

Contributions/value-add: The recruitment and other industries are encouraged to utilise a strength-based approach to enhance work performance through selection processes that incorporate traits and states to further increase organisational competitiveness.


Keywords

psychological capital; positive psychology; work locus of control

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