Original Research

Job demands and resources of workers in a South African agricultural organisation

Doris N. Asiwe, Carin Hill, Lené I. Jorgensen
SA Journal of Human Resource Management | Vol 13, No 1 | a634 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v13i1.634 | © 2015 Doris N. Asiwe, Carin Hill, Lené I. Jorgensen | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 13 February 2014 | Published: 26 March 2015

About the author(s)

Doris N. Asiwe, WorkWell, Research Unit for Economic and Management Sciences, North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, South Africa
Carin Hill, Department of Industrial Psychology and People Management, University of Johannesburg, South Africa
Lené I. Jorgensen, WorkWell, Research Unit for Economic and Management Sciences, North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, South Africa


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Abstract

Orientation: Understanding the job demands and resources experienced by workers in an agricultural organisation.

Research purpose: The objective of this study was to examine the validity and reliability of the Adapted Job Demands and Resources Scale (AJDRS) as well as to establish prevalent job demands and resources of employees in an agricultural organisation. Demographic differences were also investigated.

Motivation of the study: The agricultural sector of any national economy plays a very important role in the overall welfare of the country. Identifying the prevalent job demands and resources in an agricultural organisation is therefore of paramount importance since the negative consequences of employees experiencing very demanding jobs with few resources have been well documented in stress literature.

Research approach, design and method: A cross-sectional survey design was used. The sample consisted of 443 employees in an agricultural organisation. The AJDRS was used to measure the research variables.

Main findings: The findings of this research show evidence for the factorial validity and reliability of the AJDRS. Statistical differences were found with regard to the job demands and resources experienced by employees in different positions.

Practical/managerial implications: Interventions to improve the perceived job demands and resources in the organisation should focus on physical resources (equipment).

Contribution/value-add: This study contributes to knowledge concerning the job demands and resources that are prevalent in an agricultural organisation in South Africa.


Keywords

job demands, job resources, adapted job demands and resources scale, valid, reliable, agricultural organisation

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