Original Research

Achieving excellence in private intensive care units: The effect of transformational leadership and organisational culture on organisational change outcomes

Portia J. Jordan, Amanda Werner, Danie Venter
SA Journal of Human Resource Management | Vol 13, No 1 | a707 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v13i1.707 | © 2015 Portia J. Jordan, Amanda Werner, Danie Venter | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 April 2015 | Published: 02 December 2015

About the author(s)

Portia J. Jordan, Department of Nursing Science, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa
Amanda Werner, Department of Human Resource Management, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa
Danie Venter, Unit for Statistical Consultation, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa


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Abstract

Orientation: Organisational change outcomes in private intensive care units are linked to higher patient satisfaction, improved quality of patient care, family support, cost-effective care practices and an increased level of excellence. Transformational leadership and fostering a positive organisational culture can contribute to these change outcomes.

Research purpose: The study determined whether transformational leadership and a supportive organisational culture were evident in six private intensive care units in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. A conceptual framework to investigate the relationship between transformational leadership, organisational culture, and organisational change outcomes, was proposed and tested.

Motivation for the study: The prevalence of transformational leadership, a positive organisational culture and their effect on organisational change outcomes in private healthcare industries require further research in order to generate appropriate recommendations.

Research design, approach and method: A positivistic, quantitative design was used. A survey was conducted using a questionnaire which, in previous studies, produced scores with Cronbach’s alpha coefficients greater than 0.80, to collect data from a sample of 130 professional nurses in private intensive care units.

Main findings: Transformational leadership and a positive organisational culture were evident in the private intensive care units sampled. A strong, positive correlation exists between transformational leadership, organisational culture, and organisational change outcomes. This correlation provides sufficient evidence to accept the postulated research hypotheses. Innovation and intellectual stimulation were identified as the factors in need of improvement.

Practical or managerial implications: The findings of the study may be used by managers in intensive care units to promote organisational change outcomes, linked to transformational leadership and a positive organisational culture.

Contribution: The study provides evidence of the way in which transformational leadership and a positive organisational culture affect organisational change outcomes in the context of private healthcare in South Africa, thereby addressing a research gap in this area.


Keywords

organisational culture; transformational leadership; organisational change outcomes; private healthcare; intensive care units.

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