Original Research

Innovative behaviour in religious-based theory of planned behaviour perspective

Noor Arifin, Eko N. Fuad, Ali Muhson
SA Journal of Human Resource Management | Vol 20 | a1809 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v20i0.1809 | © 2022 Noor Arifin, Eko N. Fuad, Ali Muhson | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 26 October 2021 | Published: 23 June 2022

About the author(s)

Noor Arifin, Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Islam Nahdlatul Ulama, Jepara, Indonesia
Eko N. Fuad, Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Islam Nahdlatul Ulama, Jepara, Indonesia
Ali Muhson, Department of Economics Education, Faculty of Economics, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia


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Abstract

Purpose: This study aims to analyse the effect of spiritual leadership (SL) and work-life balance (WLB) on innovative behaviour with employee engagement (EE) as a mediating variable in the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) perspective.

Design/methodology/approach: Cluster sampling was used to gather a sample of 200 private employees. A questionnaire was used to collect data, which was then analysed using the structural equation model (SEM).

Findings: Spiritual leadership has a positive effect on innovative behaviour, WLB has a positive effect on innovative behaviour, SL has a positive effect on EE, WLB has a positive effect on EE, EE has a positive effect on innovative behaviour and EE mediates the effect of SL and WLB on innovative behaviour.

Research limitation/implication: It is necessary to apply innovative behaviour from a religious-based TPB perspective so that the intention to work is based on religious values in work interaction relationships.

Practical implications: The need of a sincere attitude in the workplace must be socialised to employees so that it becomes a daily attitude and a work guide; leaders become role models (uswah) in straightening intents at work.

Originality/value: This study contributes to this research area by developing and examining an integrative conceptual framework of innovative behaviour in religious organisation.


Keywords

spiritual leadership; work-life balance; innovative behaviour; employee engagement; theory of planned behaviour

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