Original Research

Development and validation: Fairness perceptions of broad-based black economic empowerment

Tshegofatso Mabitsela, Madelyn Geldenhuys, Karolina Łaba
SA Journal of Human Resource Management | Vol 22 | a2357 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v22i0.2357 | © 2024 Tshegofatso Mabitsela, Madelyn Geldenhuys, Karolina Łaba | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 09 June 2023 | Published: 18 March 2024

About the author(s)

Tshegofatso Mabitsela, Department of Industrial Psychology and People Management, College of Business and Economics, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa
Madelyn Geldenhuys, Department of Industrial Psychology and People Management, College of Business and Economics, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa; and Disciplien of Psychology, School of Arts and Sciences, University of Notre Dame, Sydney, NSW, Austria
Karolina Łaba, Department of Industrial Psychology and People Management, College of Business and Economics, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa

Abstract

Orientation: Within the South African context, fairness perceptions of employment equity and affirmative action programmes are discussed at length. However, the perspectives of employees from various backgrounds on the fairness of Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment (BBBEE) are limited. Further to this, no psychometrically sound instruments could be identified, which can assist to assess the fairness perceptions people hold of BBBEE.

Research purpose: The aim of this study was to develop and validate an appropriate measurement of fairness perceptions of BBBEE within the South African context.

Motivation for the study: Minimal research effectively advances our understanding of what actual fairness perceptions people hold of BBEEE.

Research approach/design and method: To satisfy the aim of the study, an exploratory sequential mixed-method design was undertaken. This involved the use of semi-structured interviews, followed by a quantitative research design.

Main findings: The exploratory factor analysis revealed that a four-factor solution comprising 31 items was both valid and reliable.

Practical/managerial implications: The instrument can advance the understanding about the ways in which individuals in the workplace perceive BBBEE. In addition, it can assist to determine whether the programme is indeed effective and enables organisations to better manage those perceptions.

Contribution/value-add: The development of a valid and reliable measure can be used by both employers and researchers for the purposes of gaining insight into the influence of BBBEE on behaviour in the South African workplace.


Keywords

Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment; fairness; perceptions of equal opportunities; South Africa; scale development

JEL Codes

I28: Government Policy

Sustainable Development Goal

Goal 10: Reduced inequalities

Metrics

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