Original Research

A gender perspective on career preferences and entrepreneurial self-efficacy

Boris Urban
SA Journal of Human Resource Management | Vol 8, No 1 | a293 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v8i1.293 | © 2010 Boris Urban | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 19 April 2010 | Published: 28 October 2010

About the author(s)

Boris Urban, University of Witwatersrand, South Africa

Abstract

Orientation: Gender perspectives on entrepreneurship illustrate that women are less likely than men to prefer those occupations which have been traditionally male-dominated, because of the tendency for women to have lower self-efficacy perceptions in relation to entrepreneurial career intentions.

Research purpose: The objective of this study was to establish to what extent women perceive self-employment as a viable career choice and how strong their beliefs are that they are capable of successfully performing various entrepreneurial roles and tasks.

Motivation for the study: The study is relevant because national studies indicate that the ratio of female to male participation in entrepreneurial activity varies considerably across countries.

Research design, approach and method: A survey design was used, with responses being based on quantitative measures. Measures were tested for validity and reliability. Descriptive statistics were calculated and differential tests were conducted to test the relevant hypotheses.

Main findings: The results of the study showed that women believe that they have the skills needed to be an entrepreneur and have placed their preference for entrepreneurship as a career choice high on the list of options.

Practical/managerial implications: Human resources managers and educators must recognise that ‘a one-size-fits-all’ approach to training and development might not be appropriate and that gender-sensitive programming, especially in relation to different levels of entrepreneurial self-efficacy might be required.

Contribution of study: The study contributes to the growing knowledge base on women entrepreneurship and increases our understanding of entrepreneurship as a viable career choice in terms of entrepreneurial self-efficacy.


Keywords

Entrepreneurship; intentions; self-efficacy; women

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Crossref Citations

1. Entrepreneurial Intentions in Crisis: Shaping Through the Triad of Influence - Government, Education, and Environment
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