Original Research

Job stressors, work tension and job satisfaction of academics at a university in South Africa

Ncumisa Luzipho, Pierre A. Joubert, Manilall Dhurup
SA Journal of Human Resource Management | Vol 21 | a2015 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v21i0.2015 | © 2023 Ncumisa Luzipho, Pierre A. Joubert, Manilall Dhurup | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 June 2022 | Published: 21 February 2023

About the author(s)

Ncumisa Luzipho, Department of Human Resource Management, Faculty of Management Sciences, Vaal University of Technology, Johannesburg, South Africa
Pierre A. Joubert, Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences, Sol Plaatje University, Kimberley, South Africa
Manilall Dhurup, Department of Human Resource Management, Faculty of Management Sciences, Vaal University of Technology, Johannesburg, South Africa

Abstract

Orientation: Stress in the workplace is a common phenomenon that is classified in different ways and which also impacts academics. Previous research highlighted that job stressors in the workplace have been considered an important contributor towards low levels of job satisfaction (JS) for academics. This perspective aids the study of the influence of job stress on JS.

Research purpose: The aim of this research was to establish the influence of role conflict (RC), role ambiguity (RA), role overload (RO) and time pressure (TP) on work tension (WT) and the influence of WT on JS among academics at a university of technology.

Motivation for the study: The impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the reduction of government and associated agency funding changed the scenario of academic life from being considered idyllic, autonomous and well protected. Congruent to these constraints, changes in the diversity of students and advances in technology, blended learning and the introduction of learning platforms created further challenges in the way students learn and how modules were offered.

Research approach/design and method: The researchers used a postpositivist quantitative paradigm with a convenience sample (n = 250) of academics in a university of technology in Gauteng. A structured questionnaire encompassing the study constructs was used.

Main findings: Results showed positive associations between RC, RA, RO and TP on WT. Further, WT and JS showed negative yet significant predictive relationships with JS.

Practical/managerial implication: It is pivotal for universities to understand the effects of job stressors on job satisfaction to improve the working conditions for academics.

Contribution/value-add: This research provides findings to the present body of knowledge among academics on the influence of job stressors on WT and WT on JS at HEIs. Research on job stress and JS has been of interest in many HEIs. The research makes a valuable contribution to the university management, especially the human resource division, on the effect of levels of job stressors (RC, RA, RO and TP) on WT among academics.


Keywords

job satisfaction; job stressors; role conflict; time pressure; academics; work tension

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Crossref Citations

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